Across the world, from autocracies to so-called democratic states, we are witnessing a rise flagrant and relentless attempts to undermine democratic values and shrink civic space. Human rights defenders and activism are under threat from states, corporations and extremist and fundamentalist groups. Laws and practices that restrict civil space and civil society's ability to operate are undermining people's ability to advance human rights, hold governments to account and help vulnerable communities.
This survey carried out by ActionAid documents the nature of this phenomenon. It aims to help the organisation, its partners and allies to to better understand and learn from how ActionAid countries have responded to such attacks and strengthen resilience by analysing contexts push backs and opportunities.